Post-operative Care and Precautions
As with any major surgical procedure, post-operative complications can occur following total hip replacement surgery. Below is a list of some of the more common complications that can occur after hip replacement surgery. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive.
This condition, also commonly referred to as deep vein thrombosis, occurs when blood clots are formed in the large veins of the legs. In some cases, these clots can become dislodged from the veins, travel through the circulatory system, and become stuck in the critical arteries of the lungs. This scenario, called a pulmonary embolism, is a serious medical condition. The following steps may be taken by you and your physician to avoid or prevent thrombophlebitis:
IMPORTANT: If you develop swelling, redness, pain and/or tenderness in the calf muscle, report these symptoms immediately to your physician.
Infections occur in a small percentage of patients undergoing hip replacement surgery. Unfortunately, infections can occur even when every effort is made to prevent them. The following steps may help to minimize the risk of post-operative infections.
A possible side effect of surgery is the development of pneumonia. The following steps may help minimize this risk.
One of the most common problems following total hip replacement is hip dislocation or subluxation. Because the prosthetic ball and socket are smaller than the natural anatomy, the ball can become dislodged from the socket if the hip is placed in certain positions. The following precautions must be taken to prevent hip dislocation.
For more detailed information regarding the prevention of hip dislocation, refer to the hip rehabilitation section.
|Some Content Courtesy of Smith & Nephew Orthopaedics|